South Korean exports of information and communication technology products have been falling for 10 straight months and it looks like September will be added to that streak.
South Korea’s trade data is released before other global trade data so is a good indicator of more negativity across Asian export data to unfold throughout September, as the lagged effect of September’s tariff hikes takes effect and the global economy has continued to slow, buffeted by cyclical headwinds and a fragile geopolitical backdrop.
But more worryingly South Korean data is typically a good lead on the global economy and global demand given that its industries are heavily integrated within the global supply chain and highly cyclical. It is for this reason that South Korean data is often used in global macro leading indicator models and expectations of future earnings growth and world trade growth, so this latest round of ugly trade data tempers any optimistic notion of a recovery in tech demand and global demand being around the corner. So, this data spells more trouble ahead.
For the first 20 days of September:
- exports down 21.8% y/y
- imports down 11.1% y/y
- exports to China down 29.8%
- exports Semiconductors down -39.8%
South Korea is distinctly vulnerable as the trade war, China slowdown, downturn in the electronic cycle and dispute with Japan weigh on economic activity along with the broad-based slowdown visible across the whole of Asia. But also, South Korea is heavily reliant on USD funding in a world where dollar liquidity is tight which only exacerbates the other issues, meaning South Korean GDP growth will remain hampered and the KRW pressured.
The prolonged weakness in chip demand and cyclical downturn in electronics, evidenced by exports of Semiconductors continuing to fall sliding 40% Y/Y for the first 20 days of September, is a stark divergence with the Philadelphia Stock Exchange Semiconductor Index (SOX) hovering around all-time highs. Particularly once you factor in the continued pressure on DRAM prices from July this year. Many companies in the market have been stockpiling inventory and holding off production cuts in the hope that this current slowdown is temporary, but this data doesn’t back that up and in that respect, it looks like the SOX index is hardly reflecting reality.