Details Cookies
United Kingdom
Important margin product information

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 73% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs, FX or any of our other products work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Cookie policy

This website uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience by enabling, optimising and analysing site operations, as well as to provide personalised ad content and allow you to connect to social media. By choosing “Accept all” you consent to the use of cookies and the related processing of personal data. Select “Manage consent” to manage your consent preferences. You can change your preferences or retract your consent at any time via the cookie policy page. Please view our cookie policy here and our privacy policy here

Fixed income market: the week ahead Fixed income market: the week ahead Fixed income market: the week ahead

Fixed income market: the week ahead

Althea Spinozzi

Senior Fixed Income Strategist, Saxo Bank Group

Summary:  We believe it hasn't arrived the time to short bonds yet. This week's Jackson Hole symposium will be a virtual event. It confirms that policymakers still take the threat coming from the Delta variant's seriously, giving Powell little room to be hawkish. Yet, this week 2-, 5- and 7-year US Treasury auctions will be critical to gauge market expectations ahead of the meeting. Rates can fall further before seeing a sharp steepening of the yield curve in autumn. Ten-year yields have the potential to try support at 1% before rising above 1.70% before year-end. Long-term US Treasuries are going to underperform other maturities as interest rate hikes need to be pushed forward.

I’ll admit I have difficulties writing today’s “The Week Ahead”. Since I came back from the holidays, market signals are incredibly confusing. The new Delta variant, tapering talks, and inflation pressures are pulling rates in different directions. The market so far has decided to take a prudent approach and stick to safe havens as price pressures and growth seem to subside. Yet, the challenge for bond investors to put their money at work remains. With deeply negative real interest rates, it’s difficult to lock in positive returns; and taking risk often becomes the only option.

We can confidently say that while 2020 was a drop tower, 2021 feels like a roller coaster. Ten-year yields rose from 0.82% at the beginning of the year to 1.75% in March; then, they gradually dropped to 1.2%. The reflation trade was a clear driver of higher yields in the first part of the year. However, supply-chain bottlenecks slowed manufacturing growth, provoking a shock in consumer sentiment, which recently plummeted to a decade-low. Adding to fears, the new Delta variant caused new lockdowns worldwide, further hindering growth. All of a sudden, safe havens such as US Treasuries and Gold look attractive.

Yet, US Treasuries' recent rally cannot be explained just by a simplistic risk-off trade. Indeed, by spring, the market was incredibly short US Treasuries. The plunge in yields aggravated when traders wound down large short positions as rates broke critical technical levels.

As rates were falling, stocks thrived. However, will bond yields remain low for longer to support the massive house of cards that has formed in the equity market?

The short answer to that question is yes, in the short term. Yet, as we approach the fall, we will see significant changes in the bond market, which will inevitably cause a sharp steepening of the yield curve, exposing the market's vulnerabilities.

Currently, we can identify five main drivers to rates:

Supply-demand of US Treasuries

The Federal Reserve is looking to scale back its monetary stimulus. At the same time, the US Treasury is looking to reduce coupon issuances from November. That cannot be a coincidence. If demand drops together with supply, volatility in the bond market should be contained. There is a catch, though. The US Treasury is looking to make significant cuts on the front-end of the yield curve and increase the weighted average maturity above 70 months. That means that long-term rates will remain vulnerable, and there is the potential to sharp bear-steepening of the yield curve as tapering unfolds.

The pace of tapering

All Fed’s members agree that tapering must begin, but they don’t agree with is its start date. That’s why the probability for a tapering announcement during the Jackson Hole symposium is low. Powell would rather wait until the 22nd of September meeting, which means that the central bank will not reduce purchases before October. Yet, the big unknown is how aggressively the central bank is going to taper. An aggressive pace of tapering will be more crucial to the bond market than its start date. And low-interest rates and record volumes at the Fed's Reverse Repurchase facility enable the central bank to taper aggressively.

Economic growth

Economic growth in the third quarter was slower than expected due to the Delta variant. While rates reflect the market's fear that growth will continue to be slow even during the last quarter of the year, lower Q3 growth may lead to higher Q4 growth. It means that we could see a revival of the reflation trade in autumn. Whatever happens, it's undeniable that growth will continue to be incredibly high this year and the next. The Conference Board estimates that this year's GDP growth will reach 6.0% YoY and 4.0% in 2022. That's the highest we have seen in more than forty years! If that is not enough to talk about higher rates, then try me!

Inflation outlook and developments may push forward interest rate hikes

You may think that the worst has passed and that inflation peaked in June. Yet, it’s not clear when the Personal Consumption Expenditures will fall back below 2.5%. Tapering might contribute to cooling inflation off; however, there is no direct link between the two. Indeed, tapering decreases the stimulus that the economy is receiving, but the economy will continue to be stimulated until a complete wind-down of QE. Hiking rates is a much better tool to deter inflation. We believe that the market is too conservative in pricing only three rate hikes for the next three years. If inflation numbers stay high, the market will need to price more hikes, pushing higher nominal and real yields.

Market liquidity

The Reverse Repurchase facility can be a proxy of the amount of liquidity in the market. The RRP at the moment is over a trillion dollars. To put it simply: the market has enough cash for another nine months of quantitative easing once tapering ends. Only when we see volumes in the RRP falling will we know that pressure on yields will be lifted off.

We can conclude that the Jackson Hole might do little to lift rates. Indeed, the event will take place virtually, showing that policymakers are taking seriously the threat coming from the Delta variant, and it's no time to be hawkish. In addition, liquidity remains at record high levels in the market. Friday’s PCE deflator might be more critical for markets to adjust monetary policy expectations.

We can conclude that while rates long-term trend is to rise, there continue to be considerable compressing pressure in the near term. Therefore, it isn't time to short bonds yet.

Looking at 10-year US Treasury yields, they confirmed a double bottom pattern and remained above 1.22%, forming what looks like a "head and shoulder" formation. We might see yields dropping again to 1.12% to form the right shoulder to ultimately break below this level and find support at 1%. If that were the case, we might see the formation of a larger shoulder, which would imply 10-year yields should break above 1.70% by year-end.

Source: Saxo Group and Bloomberg.

After 30-year yields failed to break above their 50- and 200-day moving averages, we might see yields falling below 1.80% in the short term. However, their long term trend remains bullish, and we will probably see them rising well above 4% at the end of the fourth quarter.

Source: Saxo Group and Bloomberg.

Economic Calendar

Monday, the 23rd of August

  • France: Manufacturing, Composite and Services PMI
  • Germany: Manufacturing, Composite and Services PMI, Bupa Monthly Report
  • Eurozone: Manufacturing, Composite and Services PMI, Consumer Confidence
  • United Kingdom: Manufacturing, Composite and Services PMI
  • United States: Manufacturing, Composite and Services PMI, Existing Home Sales

Tuesday, the 24th of August

  • Japan: BoJ Core CPI
  • Germany: Gross Domestic Product, Import Price Index
  • United Kingdom: 5-year Treasury Gilt Auction
  • United States: New Home Sales, 2-year Note Auction

Wednesday, the 25th of August

  • New Zealand: Trade Balance, Export and Import
  • Spain: Producer Price Index
  • Germany: Business Expectations, Ifo Business Climate Index
  • United States: Core Durable Goods Orders, 5-year Note Auction

Thursday, the 26th of August

  • Australia: Private New Capital Expenditure
  • Germany: GfK German Consumer Climate
  • France: Business Survey, Industrial Investment
  • Italy: Industrial Sales, Italy to sell Bonds (TBC)
  • Eurozone: M3 Money Supply, Loans to Non-Financial Corporations
  • United States: PCE Prices (Q2), Gross Domestic Product Q2 revision, Real Consumer Spending, Kansas City Fed Composite and Manufacturing Index, 7-year Note Auction

Friday, the 27th of August

  • France: Consumer Confidence
  • Italy: Consumer and Business Confidence
  • United States: Core PCE Price Index (YoY, MoM), Personal Spending and Income, Real Personal Consumption, Retail Inventories, Michigan Consumer Sentiment, Michigan Current Conditions, Michigan Inflation Expectations, Dallas Fed PCE

Saturday, the 28th of August

  • Jackson Hole Symposium


The Saxo Bank Group entities each provide execution-only service and access to Analysis permitting a person to view and/or use content available on or via the website. This content is not intended to and does not change or expand on the execution-only service. Such access and use are at all times subject to (i) The Terms of Use; (ii) Full Disclaimer; (iii) The Risk Warning; (iv) the Rules of Engagement and (v) Notices applying to Saxo News & Research and/or its content in addition (where relevant) to the terms governing the use of hyperlinks on the website of a member of the Saxo Bank Group by which access to Saxo News & Research is gained. Such content is therefore provided as no more than information. In particular no advice is intended to be provided or to be relied on as provided nor endorsed by any Saxo Bank Group entity; nor is it to be construed as solicitation or an incentive provided to subscribe for or sell or purchase any financial instrument. All trading or investments you make must be pursuant to your own unprompted and informed self-directed decision. As such no Saxo Bank Group entity will have or be liable for any losses that you may sustain as a result of any investment decision made in reliance on information which is available on Saxo News & Research or as a result of the use of the Saxo News & Research. Orders given and trades effected are deemed intended to be given or effected for the account of the customer with the Saxo Bank Group entity operating in the jurisdiction in which the customer resides and/or with whom the customer opened and maintains his/her trading account. Saxo News & Research does not contain (and should not be construed as containing) financial, investment, tax or trading advice or advice of any sort offered, recommended or endorsed by Saxo Bank Group and should not be construed as a record of our trading prices, or as an offer, incentive or solicitation for the subscription, sale or purchase in any financial instrument. To the extent that any content is construed as investment research, you must note and accept that the content was not intended to and has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such, would be considered as a marketing communication under relevant laws.

Please read our disclaimers:
- Notification on Non-Independent Investment Research (
- Full disclaimer (

Saxo Markets
40 Bank Street, 26th floor
E14 5DA
United Kingdom

Support Centre
For existing clients, please click here to request support via the Support Centre.

Have a question about our products, platforms or services? Visit the Support Centre to find answers for our most frequently asked questions. If you are still unable to locate an answer to your question, you will also find contact details for your local Saxo office to speak with a representative.

Contact Saxo

Select region

United Kingdom
United Kingdom

Trade Responsibly
All trading carries risk. To help you understand the risks involved we have put together a series of Key Information Documents (KIDs) highlighting the risks and rewards related to each product. Read more
Additional Key Information Documents are available in our trading platform.

Saxo Markets is a registered Trading Name of Saxo Capital Markets UK Ltd (‘SCML’). SCML is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, Firm Reference Number 551422. Registered address: 26th Floor, 40 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DA. Company number 7413871.

This website, including the information and materials contained in it, are not directed at, or intended for distribution to or use by, any person or entity who is a citizen or resident of or located in the United States, Belgium or any other jurisdiction where such distribution, publication, availability or use would be contrary to applicable law or regulation.

It is important that you understand that with investments, your capital is at risk. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. It is your responsibility to ensure that you make an informed decision about whether or not to invest with us. If you are still unsure if investing is right for you, please seek independent advice. Saxo Markets assumes no liability for any loss sustained from trading in accordance with a recommendation.

Apple, iPad and iPhone are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. Android is a trademark of Google Inc.