Details Cookies
United Kingdom
Important margin product information

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 73% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs, FX or any of our other products work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Cookie policy

This website uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience by enabling, optimising and analysing site operations, as well as to provide personalised ad content and allow you to connect to social media. By choosing “Accept all” you consent to the use of cookies and the related processing of personal data. Select “Manage consent” to manage your consent preferences. You can change your preferences or retract your consent at any time via the cookie policy page. Please view our cookie policy here and our privacy policy here

Macro Insights: Central banks on the agenda – RBA, BOC and BOJ Macro Insights: Central banks on the agenda – RBA, BOC and BOJ Macro Insights: Central banks on the agenda – RBA, BOC and BOJ

Macro Insights: Central banks on the agenda – RBA, BOC and BOJ

Macro 5 minutes to read
Charu Chanana

Market Strategist

Summary:  While the focus stays on Fed, Powell and treasury yields, we get the first few central banks this week taking a less hawkish turn. Reserve Bank of Australia’s dovish hike may be followed by Bank of Canada’s pause, but the key message has remained around policy flexibility rather than claiming a victory on inflation. Comments suggest that central banks are not convinced about disinflation and continue to keep the door open for more rates hikes in Q2/H2.

The fist two months of the year have been a roller-coaster, but markets have recently become more certain of stickier inflation and resilient economy going into the month of March. Global money market curves have re-priced higher to reflect the tighter monetary policies as a result. For the Fed, markets have now fully priced in a 5.5% terminal rate, somewhat higher than what was suggested by the median dot plot in December. Meanwhile, 160bps of additional rate hikes are priced in for the ECB with terminal rate forecast approaching 4%.

While Powell’s testimony and the US jobs data remain key to watch this week to get a confirmation on the current market expectations for the Fed, some of the other G10 central banks have started to be more flexible in their tightening cycles despite the risks of inflation remaining elevated. This mostly includes the Reserve Bank of Australia and Back of Canada, both of which have pronounced property market risks compared to the other G10 economies. If inflation returns because of accelerating global growth or China reopening, both BOC and RBA may be forced to hike again.

USD could remain firm in light of the relative hawkishness that can continue to be priced in from the Fed vs. ECB or BOE where a lot is priced in, as shown in the chart below.

Reserve Bank of Australia opening the door to a pause

The RBA raised rates for the 10th consecutive time, taking the cash rate target to an 11-year high of 3.6%. Despite one more rate hike being signalled for the April meeting, RBA Governor Lowe sounded less hawkish in the wake of the recent slew of weaker than expected data on GDP, employment, wages and inflation. Market pricing for terminal rate eased from 4.2% to 4.0%.

AUDUSD has been hurt recently by the weaker global risk sentiment and the rise in geopolitical tensions, bringing the 0.67 level in focus for the first time since November. China’s growth targets have also been towards the lower end of the expected range, keeping the boost to AUD limited. Still, as better-than-expected Chinese headlines start to flow in from this month after the full reopening and the impact of Lunar New Year holiday, there are reasons to believe that AUD could continue to find support. The 61.8% retracement of the gains from the October low at 0.6547 will be the key support level to watch.

Bank of Canada likely heading for a pause

Market expects the BOC to pause its tightening cycle, keeping rates unchanged at 4.5%, after its message of “one and done” last month. Still, the message is likely to emphasise that the pause is conditional and the bank remains open to hiking rates again later in the year if inflationary pressures re-emerge. Employment and wage growth has softened, while the January CPI also eased from 6.3% YoY to 5.9% YoY. GDP growth for Q4 was also much weaker than expected as it came out flat vs. expectations of 1.6% annualized growth with Q3 being revised lower as well.

CAD is down 1.7% against the USD since the January 25 meeting even as oil prices remained mostly range-bound. More so, CAD has been stronger on the crosses with AUDCAD down 3.7%. There could be potentially more tactical weakness to come for CAD as risks of a lag to the US policy rate broaden, and a recovery will have to wait until the USD story starts to weaken or oil prices pick up materially.

Bank of Japan is the biggest event risk

While data and commentary from officials has been less supportive of the case for further tweaks in Bank of Japan policy, outgoing governor Kuroda is known for his surprises. At his last meeting on Friday, he may want to part with some sparks resulting in a numb yen in the run upto the meeting.

Japan’s labour unions have reportedly been asking for a record pay rise this year, which fueled some expectations that inflation may stay elevated. However January earnings data reported today showed real earnings down over 4%, the worst since 2014. Growth is nominal wages also slowed after a bonus-driven jump in December. Tokyo CPI for February was also softer than expected, and incoming Governor Ueda’s testimony remarks suggested he would be looking at policy continuity along with flexibility to respond to market pressures.

The outcome of meeting on March 10 could range from anywhere between a further tweak to the yield curve control policy all the way to Kuroda claiming victory with his policy and giving pressing remarks to maintain yield control as inflation remains externally-driven. The base case is still a no change and JPY has its eyes more firmly set on Powell’s testimony and the path of US yields from here.


The Saxo Bank Group entities each provide execution-only service and access to Analysis permitting a person to view and/or use content available on or via the website. This content is not intended to and does not change or expand on the execution-only service. Such access and use are at all times subject to (i) The Terms of Use; (ii) Full Disclaimer; (iii) The Risk Warning; (iv) the Rules of Engagement and (v) Notices applying to Saxo News & Research and/or its content in addition (where relevant) to the terms governing the use of hyperlinks on the website of a member of the Saxo Bank Group by which access to Saxo News & Research is gained. Such content is therefore provided as no more than information. In particular no advice is intended to be provided or to be relied on as provided nor endorsed by any Saxo Bank Group entity; nor is it to be construed as solicitation or an incentive provided to subscribe for or sell or purchase any financial instrument. All trading or investments you make must be pursuant to your own unprompted and informed self-directed decision. As such no Saxo Bank Group entity will have or be liable for any losses that you may sustain as a result of any investment decision made in reliance on information which is available on Saxo News & Research or as a result of the use of the Saxo News & Research. Orders given and trades effected are deemed intended to be given or effected for the account of the customer with the Saxo Bank Group entity operating in the jurisdiction in which the customer resides and/or with whom the customer opened and maintains his/her trading account. Saxo News & Research does not contain (and should not be construed as containing) financial, investment, tax or trading advice or advice of any sort offered, recommended or endorsed by Saxo Bank Group and should not be construed as a record of our trading prices, or as an offer, incentive or solicitation for the subscription, sale or purchase in any financial instrument. To the extent that any content is construed as investment research, you must note and accept that the content was not intended to and has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such, would be considered as a marketing communication under relevant laws.

Please read our disclaimers:
- Notification on Non-Independent Investment Research (
- Full disclaimer (

Saxo Markets
40 Bank Street, 26th floor
E14 5DA
United Kingdom

Support Centre
For existing clients, please click here to request support via the Support Centre.

Have a question about our products, platforms or services? Visit the Support Centre to find answers for our most frequently asked questions. If you are still unable to locate an answer to your question, you will also find contact details for your local Saxo office to speak with a representative.

Contact Saxo

Select region

United Kingdom
United Kingdom

Trade Responsibly
All trading carries risk. To help you understand the risks involved we have put together a series of Key Information Documents (KIDs) highlighting the risks and rewards related to each product. Read more
Additional Key Information Documents are available in our trading platform.

Saxo Markets is a registered Trading Name of Saxo Capital Markets UK Ltd (‘SCML’). SCML is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, Firm Reference Number 551422. Registered address: 26th Floor, 40 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DA. Company number 7413871.

This website, including the information and materials contained in it, are not directed at, or intended for distribution to or use by, any person or entity who is a citizen or resident of or located in the United States, Belgium or any other jurisdiction where such distribution, publication, availability or use would be contrary to applicable law or regulation.

It is important that you understand that with investments, your capital is at risk. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. It is your responsibility to ensure that you make an informed decision about whether or not to invest with us. If you are still unsure if investing is right for you, please seek independent advice. Saxo Markets assumes no liability for any loss sustained from trading in accordance with a recommendation.

Apple, iPad and iPhone are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. Android is a trademark of Google Inc.