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The acceleration in real rates is about to become a problem for risky assets

Bonds
Althea Spinozzi

Senior Fixed Income Strategist, Saxo Bank Group

Summary:  Demand for inflation linkers is falling as investors anticipate inflation expectations to adjust lower amid an aggressive Federal Reserve. Yet, if the Fed disappoints net week, TIPS might rebound briefly, supporting risky assets. However, inflation is likely to remain well above the Fed’s target in the long run. Thus, the central bank will need to keep hawkish for longer, making the rise in real rates inevitable.


While US Treasuries were benefitting from safe-haven demand yesterday, a ten-year TIPS auction showed that investors are unwilling to buy inflation protection at the current yield level. Ten-year TIPS sold with a yield of -0.54%, tailing by 2.6bps. The bid-to-cover was the lowest since July 2020, and indirect bidders were down to 59.3%, the lowest since May.

Source: Bloomberg and Saxo Group.

Investors are unwilling to take on inflation protection securities as the Federal Reserve becomes more aggressive and inflation expectations are adjusting lower. Today, the 10-year breakeven rate is recording the biggest drop since January last year, provoking an acceleration in real yields that are taking them close to test resistance at -0.5%.

Source: Bloomberg and Saxo Group.

Although risky assets show more resilience than instruments that carry high duration, we expect things to change as real rates break resistance at -0.5% and rise quickly to -0.35%. Indeed, by that time, 30-year TIPS yields would have already turned positive, indicating that financing conditions are tightening fast, threatening risky assets.

So far, duration has been a bigger villain than credit quality. Year to date, US Treasuries with 20+years maturity (TLT) have fallen -4.2%, investment grade USD bonds (LQD) dropped -3.4%, and emerging market hard currency bonds (EMB) -3.7%. At the same time, junk bonds that carry much shorter durations have proven more resilient, with junk in the US (HYG) falling -1.8% and Europe (IHYG) only -1.1%.

However, next week's FOMC meeting could support real rates if the Fed doesn't sound as hawkish as the market expects. So far, the market is pricing four interest rate hikes, with some market players expecting two rate hikes in the March meeting. Any indication of fewer hikes might produce a drop in nominal yields and a rise in breakeven rates, translating into lower real rates. 

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