Chart of the Week : Real Effective Exchange Rates (EUR and USD)
Head of Macro Analysis
Summary: In today’s ‘Macro Chartmania’, we focus on the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER). All the data are collected from Macrobond and updated each week.
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The below chart shows the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) for the euro and the U.S. dollar. This is the weighted average of a country’s currency against a basket of other major currencies. It is used for international comparisons, especially by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, for instance. Currently, the U.S. dollar is 27 % too high compared to the euro, based on the REER. The last time the gap was so wide was when the outbreak started in 2020. This is only the beginning, in our view. U.S. dollar net speculative positioning continues to increase at a speedy pace. Several factors are pushing investors to look for the default safe haven : risk of technical recession or stagflation in several developed economies (France, Germany and the United Kingdom, for instance), skyrocketing commodity prices (especially for agricultural goods due to the Ukraine war and the drought in India), equity bear market, lockdowns in China which will push down global GDP growth this year, persistent inflationary pressures (resulting from supply chain disruptions and higher wage compensations, amongst other things) etc. From a technical point of view, the USD is likely to move upward in the short-term. We expect that risk-off waves will push the DXY index well above 105.00. The EUR/USD is likely to remain under pressure too.
How long do you think this can go on before something snaps ? My bet : the European Central Bank (ECB) will have no other options but to increase interest rates at the July meeting to bring support to the EUR and close the gap with the U.S. dollar. Timing is everything : the July meeting will take place just one day after the release of the first estimate of the eurozone Q2 GDP. If the Governing Council decides to move forward with a rate hike, this would reduce imported inflation, in theory. The ECB is caught between a rising dollar and a weak euro. This is simply intolerable. Several governing council members, including those considered as the most pragmatic, are now leaning in favor of a rate increase and exiting negative rates by the end of the year (Banque de France’s Villeroy de Galhau, for instance). This will certainly not solve from one day to another inflationary pressures within the eurozone (inflation is partially driven by external forces such as commodity prices). But it will at least reduce the FX-passthrough into inflation which is becoming problematic.
Quarterly Outlook Q2 2022
Quarterly Outlook Q2 2022: The End Game has arrived
- Shocks from covid and the war in Ukraine have forced the global financial and political world to change, but what will the end game be?
Productivity and innovation have never been more importantAs the world economy hits physical limits and central banks tighten their belts, could equities be facing a 10-15% downside?
The great EUR recovery and the difficulty of trading itIf the terrible fog of war hopefully lifts soon, the conditions are promising for the euro to reprice significantly higher.
Tight commodity markets – turbocharged by war and sanctionsWith supply already tight, commodities keep powering on. But will it last for yet another quarter?
Between a rock and a hard placeGeopolitical concerns will add upward price pressures and fears of slower growth, while volatility will remain elevated.
The Great ErosionInflation is everywhere and central banks try to combat it. But will they get it under control in time?
Australian investing: Six considerations amid triple Rs: rising rates, record inflation and likely recessionWhile global financial markets are struggling in an uncertain world, the commodity-heavy Australian ASX index is poised to keep a positive momentum.
Cybersecurity – the rush to catch up with realityWith the invasion of Ukraine, governments and private companies are rushing to reinforce their cyber defenses.