How to Interpret Earnings Reports
Summary: An earnings report is a publicly-traded company's report card on its past performance and future outlook. Learning how to interpret it is a great way to gain more knowledge about a company's financials and projections, which will lead to more informed investment decisions.
What to focus on?
- Earnings per share
Being the most cited metric by financial media when analyzing earnings reports, earnings per share (net income/number of shares) is widely considered to be a better measure for assessing company performance than just profits. As a rule of thumb, the higher the EPS, the more attractive are the shares considered to be. Yet, there’s no ideal EPS threshold. Instead, the value lies in comparing the EPS growth against previous accounting periods and industry peers. I.e. a comparably good EPS growth is positive for the company’s stock price, and vice versa.
- Beating or missing estimates
Analysts across the globe project a wide range of company estimates, including revenue, EPS, losses, and sales. If the actual result beats the average of these estimates, the stock is likely to appreciate. Similarly, a below estimate figure would have a negative impact on the stock price.
Most companies will, although not a requirement, issue estimates on what they expect in the upcoming quarter or even year. This section of the earnings report is known as “guidance”, and is likely to have a greater impact on the stock price than figures based on previous accounting periods; it’s the future that counts, not the past.
Latest Market Insights
Outrageous Predictions 2023: The War Economy
- The constantly growing global need for energy drives the world's richest to huddle up and launch a R&D project in a size the world hasn't seen since the Manhattan Project gave the US the first atomic bomb.
French President Macron resignsThe political stalemate in France and the rise of Marie Le Pen following the 2022 elections corners President Macron, forcing him to give up on politics and resign from his position. At least for now.
Gold rockets to USD 3,000 as central banks fail on inflation mandateAs markets and central banks realise that the idea that inflation is transitory is wrong, and that prices will remain higher for longer, gold is sent through the roof, hitting a price tag of USD 3,000
EU Army forces EU down path to full unionWith continued challenges in the region and a US military that isn't aggressively enacting its former role as global policeman, the European Union agrees to create its own armed forces, bringing the whole region closer.
A country agrees to ban all meat production by 2030In an effort to become one of the global leaders on the path to net-zero emissions, one country decides to not only put a heavy tax on meat, but to ban domestic production entirely.
UK holds UnBrexit referendumFollowing a recession and domestic pressure, the United Kingdom is thrown into political turmoil that will end with a vote to wind back Brexit.
Widespread price controls are introduced to cap official inflationHistory tells us that with the war economy comes rationing and price controls. And this time is no different, as policymakers introduce strict price controls that lead to a range of unintended consequences.
OPEC+ & Chindia walk out of the IMF, agree to trade with new reserve assetSanctions against Russia have caused widespread turmoil due to US Dollar moves in countries across the globe that don't consider the US an ally. To relieve themselves from this, they leave the IMF and create a new reserve asset.
USDJPY fixed to the USD at 200 as Japan overhauls financial systemFollowing the challenges that faced the Japanese Yen in 2022, the Bank of Japan attempts to keep the currency from sliding. Unsuccessful on the long-term, Japan will launch a reset of its entire financial system.
Tax haven ban kills private equityWith the war economy comes an increased focus on national interests and sovereign nations' ability to assert themselves. In that regard, the OECD countries turn their attention on tax havens and pull the big guns out, banning them altogether.