Uncovering the Strategy: Selling Covered Calls on Apple Uncovering the Strategy: Selling Covered Calls on Apple Uncovering the Strategy: Selling Covered Calls on Apple

Uncovering the Strategy: Selling Covered Calls on Apple

Equity Options
Chun Fei Lin

Sales Trader

Summary:  Apple has faced challenges that have contributed to its stock trading sideways. Despite declining iPhone demand and regulatory scrutiny, investors holding a long-term stake in Apple can consider selling covered calls to earn premiums and navigate stagnant markets. While this strategy offers advantages such as passive income, it's important to be aware of potential risks, including capping the stock's upside potential.


22 Apple Chart

Why has Apple been trading sideways? 
Apple, formerly the uncontested leader of the technology realm, is now encountering challenges from various directions. There has been a global decline in demand for the iPhone, which has facilitated the entry of Chinese brands into the market. The App Store, a significant revenue source for Apple, is currently the subject of a lawsuit filed by the Department of Justice, and the company is facing regulatory scrutiny in Europe.

Additionally, Apple recently terminated a high-profile EV car project that was once touted as a major upcoming venture for the company. As a result of these developments, the company's valuation has suffered. Despite reaching a historic $3 trillion in 2023, its market capitalization plummeted by hundreds of billions of dollars in early 2024, allowing Microsoft Corp. to surpass Apple as the world's most valuable tech company. These are the various challenges that Apple is currently confronting on a global scale.

What can you do?
Investors who have a long-term stake in Apple and aim to sell the shares at a higher price, even in a sideways or downward market, may opt to sell call options on Apple. This strategy allows them to earn premiums from the call options, thereby generating extra income while awaiting a rise in Apple's share price to your desired target.

Steps:
1. With Apple’s stock price at $165.84 on 22 April 2024, sell a call option on Apple with a $170 strike price (if you are comfortable selling your apple shares at $170) for 2-week expiry (10 days). You receive a total premium of $222 ($2.22 x 100 shares).
2.
This is annualized yield of 48.2% (2.22/165.84) x (360/10).
3. 
If Apple’s price falls below $170 (strike price of the call option) at expiry, the option may expire worthless, and the investor retains the premium.
4. 
If Apple’s price rises above $170 strike price, the investor may be obliged to sell the Apple share at $170, but the investor will still retain the option premium.

    Capture12

    When comparing it to a longer maturity, you can observe how this alters the premium you receive and the distance over which you will be able to set the strike.

    • If the investor wants to receive more premium, the investors can go for an option with a further expiry. For the same strike at $170, the premium increases to $3.20 as the duration increases to 24 days on 17th May (Annualized yield 28.9%).
    • If the investor is only willing to sell the stock at a higher price but still want to receive same amount of premium, the investor has to choose the option with the further expiry. For a similar premium of $2.22, you can sell the option with the strike $180 and expiry in 59 days on 21st June (Annualized yield 8.2%).
    • THe table below shows how the premium yield changes as we adjust the strike price and expiry date. The premium yield are subject to many factors including how close the strike is to the current price as well as market moving events surrounding Apple. 
    How premium yields change with strike and expiry

    22 Apple option annualized

    Advantages of covered calls
    1. Generates passive income. Selling a covered call generates an income via premiums that can supplement the overall return of a portfolio.
    2. Relatively low risk. As the risk of being short a call is covered with your stock position, this is a relatively low risk way to trade options.
    3. 
    No extra margin required to sell covered callsAs you hold the underlying stock for delivery, there is no extra margin required to sell the same number of covered calls at Saxo.

    Risks of trading covered calls
    1. Capping your stock’s upside potential. One key risk is the loss of opportunity to profit from your stock’s potential upside above the call option’s strike price.
    2. 
    Risk of using covered calls as a proxy for take profit orders: In the example above, it is possible that the stock trades well above $170 through the course of the option but on expiry falls back below $165. Without the option, the investor might have booked the profit at $170 but because the stock was covered by call options, the investor might have waited out until expiry.

    Options are complex, high-risk products and require knowledge, investment experience and, in many applications, high risk acceptance. We recommend that before you invest in options, you inform yourself well about the operation and risks. In Saxo Capital Markets' Terms of Use, you will find more information on this in the Important Information - Options, Futures, Margin and Deficit Procedure. You can also consult the Essential Information Document of the option you want to invest in on Saxo Capital Markets' website.
    This article may or may not have been enriched with the support of advanced AI technology, including OpenAI's ChatGPT and/or other similar platforms. The initial setup, research and final proofing are done by the author.

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