What is our trading focus?
Nasdaq 100 (USNAS100.I) and S&P 500 (US500.I)–a very strong session for the broader US market yesterday, with the S&P 500 Index posting a new record high and the Nasdaq 100 index poking above recent range highs in overnight trading after the cash index closed right at its 21-day moving average near 13,082. This bespeaks a confident attitude heading into an important FOMC meeting tomorrow, which could spark considerable volatility in either direction, depending on the Fed’s messaging on rate guidance and the SLR issue noted below. Traders should respect the risk of trading range expansion in the wake of the meeting.
Bitcoin (BITCOIN_XBTE:xome) and Ethereum (ETHEREUM_XBTE:xome) - a bit of a stumble in the crypto space, as the weekend’s new all-time highs well north of 60k in Bitcoin were rejected rather sharply yesterday and overnight, with the overnight action taking Bitcoin south of 54k at one point. The price action in Ethereum is far more stable – as it did not post a new high recently and trades this morning in the middle of the range of the last week, just below 1,800.
EURUSD– a key week for EURUSD after last week’s ECB meeting failed to provide much ammunition for any upside arguments, or directional arguments in general, leaving the USD in the driving seat ahead of an important FOMC meeting on Wednesday, where signals that move rate expectations higher (doubtful to see a significant percentage of Fed forecasters shifting their rate hike forecasts) could boost the US dollar. The most likely issue that could trigger a USD rally or sell-off is how and whether the Fed tackles the SLR issue (described below), while sticking to the original “dot plot” and/or any measures addressing Treasury market liquidity and other signals that result in a significant consolidation of US long treasury yields could provide a headwind for the US dollar. For now, the bears are in control as long as EURUSD remains south of 1.2000.
USDJPY and JPY crosses–the very weak Japanese yen of late has been driven by a rise in global bond yields globally, widening the spread between those yields and the lower yielding long end of the Japanese yield curve, which the market suspects the Bank of Japan is not willing to allow to rise after recent signals from BoJ governor Kuroda. This Friday’s Bank of Japan meeting will deliver the conclusions of a policy review that should make clearerthebank’s position on how much it wants to control yields. As well, the JPY is moving lower into the end of the Japanese financial year at the end of this month. Historically there have been a few notably changesin JPY direction with the transition to the country’s new financial year. The next key level in USDJPY is 110.00. Also note comments for EURUSD above and on the FOMC below that could trigger notable USD volatility.
Crude oil (OILUKMAY21 & OILUSAPR21) continues to trade in a relative tight range in Brent defined by $67 to $70. It highlights the short-term risk of the market having reached alevel from where current fundamentals are not yet strong enough to support further short-term strength. In our weekly COT update we noted that during the past four weeks to March 9, a 12% rally in crude oil triggered no additional increase in the combined net long from funds which currently stands at a 2-1/2-year high at 731k lots. While rising US bond yields and the stronger dollar has lowered investment appetite, these developments may also signal a stronger recovery in global demand is needed to justify even higher prices. Focus on IEA’s Oil Market Report on Wednesday.
20-year Treasury auction to set sentiment before FOMC meeting (TLT, IEF). Today the US Treasury will sell 20-year bonds, and it will be key to understand whether foreign investors’ demand is increasing as yields continue to rise. Last week, foreign demand disappointed, but it didn’t spark a deeper selloff in US treasuries. We believe if demand disappoints today and tomorrow the Federal Reserve sounds slightly dovish, Treasury might resume to fall with yields trying 1.65%, which many highlight it to be a level which would trigger another convexity episode within the MBS market which would send Treasuries on a fast rise to 2%.
High demand in the primary market continue to support credit spreads despite fund outflows (USIG, HYG). Despite news continue to report outflows from corporate bond funds, the primary market continues to be resilient. In recent weeks, companies issuing bonds were able to either increase the issued amount or tighten spreads considerably. The month of March is on the way to become the best month on record of corporate bond issuance.
What is going on?
Volkswagen aims for EV lead by 2025 - in a webcast, the German automaker outlined its plans to save costs and standardize vehicle platforms and technologies to establish itself as the global leader in EVs by 2025 and possibly before. It will also build its own enormous battery factories in Europe in coming years and hinted at eventual transition to solid state batteries. It has invested in the at-times high-flying QuantumScape, which claims a viable solid state battery design.
Germany, Spain, Portugal and others alsosuspend use of AstraZeneca vaccine – although Australia has just announced that it will proceed with its use. The halt of the use of the vaccine in EU countries could delay the overall vaccination goals by a month or more, with EU countries far behind the UK and US in its pace of vaccination (only about a third as many vaccinated as in the US), and Italy recently implementing a harsh new lockdown on rising Covid cases.
In Australian RBA minutes, wage growth emphasized – saying in the minutes that wage growth “would need to be sustainably above 3%” before considering lifting interest rates, and that this would take considerable time, repeating the 2024 time frame. Rate hike bets for 2023 were pared slightly on the news. The RBA maintains a yield-curve-control policy, maintaining the rate at 0.25% out to 3-year Australian government debt securities.
What are we watching next?
Tomorrow’s FOMC meeting and policy signaling from the Fed. Back during the pandemic outbreak last year, the Fed enacted a special “supplemental leverage ratio” (SLR) rule to allow banks to lower the amount of capital held versus Treasury bonds and deposits they hold at the Fed. The rule is set to expire at the end of this month unless the Fed extends it, and a failure to do so could mean new liquidity issues in the US Treasury market as large US banks would likely unwind treasury positions to reduce their leverage.The market will watch closely for whether and how the FOMC addresses this issue, with the political angle that prominent Democratic senators Warren and Brown are against the Fed extending the rule. As well, the market will be sensitive to the least adjustment in the Fed “dot plot” policy rate forecast, especially now that the possibly inflationary Biden stimulus has been passed.
The Bank of Japan meeting and policy review results on Friday - as noted above for the USDJPY comments.
US 20-year Treasury Auction today– interesting timing on this one, as it comes a day before the FOMC meeting and amid so many questions about the pressures of longer term treasury issuance, the shape of the US yield curve and what the Fed plans to do with the SLR issue (noted above).
Earnings releases to watch this week:
The list below shows the most important earnings releases scheduled for this week with names in bold and red marked as those that can impact overall sentiment in equities or their specific industry. Given the increased competition in electric vehicles and the recent success of Volkswagen in the European market this is our highlight of the week, especially after an interesting Volkswagen webcast yesterday
Today: Partners Group, RWE, Ferguson, Crowdstrike, ZTO Express Cayman, Lennar, Coupa Software, Volkswagen, Zalando
Wednesday: Sunny Optical, Verbund, Alimentation Couche-Tard, Snam, Pinduoduo, Cintas
Thursday: CK Hutchison, China Feihe, CK Asset, CGN Power, Audi, Nike, Enel, FedEx, Accenture, Dollar General
Friday: China Mobile, Zijin Mining, Hong Kong & China Gas, Zhongsheng Group
Economic Calendar Highlights for today (times GMT)
1000 – Germany Mar. ZEW Survey
1230 – US Feb. Retail Sales
1315 – US Feb. Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
1400 – US Mar. NAHB Housing Market Index
1700 – US 20-year Treasury Auction
2330 – Australia RBA’s Kent to speak
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